A person with melasma needs to protect his or her skin from the sun. This includes wearing sunblock and avoiding sunbeds. Wearing hats and sun protective clothing is also necessary. People with melasma should spend as much time in the shade as possible when the weather is sunny.
People with melasma often have questions about their condition. They may be worried that their condition is mistaken for a different skin disease. While the appearance of the disease is similar to freckles, it’s important to remember that melasma is a separate condition. Because of its similarity to freckles, many people think that it is a different skin disorder. You should consult a dermatologist for help determining the right treatment for you.
There are two main types of melasma. Epidermal melasma is characterized by a dark brown patch with a distinct border. This type is responsive to treatment, while dermal melasma is less responsive to it. There are also two subtypes of melasma.
Topical medications can help patients manage their symptoms. In addition to topical creams and lotions, dermatologists also recommend sunscreen with high SPF. The prescription medicine hydroquinone is used to reduce the color of melasma. It is available in cream, lotion, and gel form.
Melasma is a skin disorder that can affect people of any race or skin color. Women with darker skin types are at a greater risk of developing melasma. It is rare before puberty, but more common during the reproductive years. It is estimated that 15% to 50 percent of pregnant women are affected by melasma.
Melasma is caused by a buildup of pigment-producing cells in the skin. These cells are responsible for the color of skin. Other factors that contribute to melasma include pregnancy and hormonal therapies. In addition, ultraviolet light from the sun can trigger melasma. Therefore, avoiding exposure to sunlight is an important part of treatment for melasma.
Treatment for melasma varies for each patient. It may be possible to use topical products that contain hydroquinone or tretinoin, which help lighten skin. In addition to topical products, dermatologists can perform surgical procedures to treat melasma.
While melasma is a common skin condition that usually affects women, it is not a serious condition. The most common location for melasma is on the face, where patches of brown or gray-brown skin develop. However, it can affect the neck, forearms, and forehead.
While hydroquinone is the most common treatment for melasma, there are other options. Some of these options are available without a prescription. However, they are less effective than the prescription products. For severe cases, a doctor may also prescribe a steroid or a retinoid that reduces the production of pigment. Some people may also opt for laser therapies and chemical peels.