Prostate cancer can have many treatments, including surgery, hormone therapy, and radiation therapy. Treatments vary depending on the type of cancer, the age of the patient, and his or her overall health. Three main treatments are active surveillance, radiation therapy, and surgery to remove the prostate. Sometimes, a combination of treatments is used to achieve the best possible outcome.
The first step in treatment for prostate cancer is to determine its severity. Generally, cancer cells in a prostate sample are categorized by a Gleason score. This score ranges from six to ten. Lower scores indicate less aggressive cancer, while higher scores indicate more aggressive cells. While there is no single cure for prostate cancer, early diagnosis is the key to achieving the best outcome.
A doctor can determine whether a patient has prostate cancer by performing a transrectal ultrasound or by examining a sample of tissue using a microscope. Both tests are important in diagnosing the disease and determining the risk for recurrence. A doctor may also recommend a routine MRI or CT scan to monitor the disease’s progression. The majority of cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed early and are treatable.
Although there is no definite cure for prostate cancer, there are several lifestyle changes that can reduce the risk of developing it. A healthy diet and exercise are vital for maintaining good health and preventing the onset of symptoms. Additionally, regular PSA screenings are crucial to reducing the risk of prostate cancer. These tests include a PSA blood test and physical exam.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men and the second leading cause of cancer death in men. It usually grows slowly, and treatment can sometimes do little to improve the patient’s life. There are many factors that can increase the risk of developing prostate cancer, and this infographic includes some of the most basic facts about the disease and treatment options. There are also several helpful links for prevention, screening, statistics, and research on prostate cancer. The information provided here is meant to inform patients and their families and friends about the disease and how they can cope.
Prostate cancer is a cancer of the prostate gland, located in the front of the rectum. The gland helps with the excretion of semen during ejaculation. The cancer is caused by abnormal cells within the prostate gland. If left untreated, it can spread to the lymph nodes and bones.
Genetic factors may increase your risk of developing prostate cancer. Men with a family history of prostate cancer are three to four times more likely to develop the disease. Also, men with certain genes may require special screenings and treatment. For example, men with the BRCA1 mutation are 2.2 times more likely to develop the disease than men without BRCA mutations.